SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY School of Earth and Environmental Sciences

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Curriculum | Undergraduate

Curriculum of SEES

Earth and Environmental Sciences, Atmospheric Sciences, Earth system science, oceanography courses to be completed in.

- Undergraduate

Requirements for the Completion of Undergraduate Program

Division Curriculum code Course Title
Liberal Arts 034.036 Earth and Environmental Sciences
The course emphasizes on the planet of life-the Earth. It deals with the evolution of the universe, started 1.5 billion years ago, and that the solar system, 4.5 billion years ago. The emphasis will be on how the Earth evolved as a living planet, contrast to other neighboring planets within our solar system. The course will also deal with recent global environmental problems such as global warmth, ozone layer destruction, and hychological problems, as well as with sustainability.
034.037 Earth and Environmental Sciences Lab.
This laboratory course is a complimentary one with the course "Earth and Environmental Sciences during the course, the students will be involved in various activities on how to understand the Earth. The emphasis will be on historical development of Earth observation.
034.038 Atmospheric Science
This course aims to learn many kinds of weather phenomena and overall atmospheric motions observed in the Earth. In addition to being informative to the up-to-date issues, the course provides general explanations for climate changes, air pollution, and ozone depletion.
034.039 Atmospheric Science Lab.
In this course we will analyze weather data and conduct simple experiments to increase our understanding of atmospheric characteristics. Dynamical, physical, and chemical experiments will be carried out in connection with the weather phenomenon and we try to accomplish an understanding of the atmospheric motions through those experiments.
034.040 Earth System Science
The Earth is composed of four major systems, such as geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere, which govern the surface processes and internal dynamics of the Earth. The Earth will be explored in the process of crustal evolution, environmental changes, and biotic successions since its formation as a planet. The lecture consists of the presentation and discussion on selected topics, which is vital to understand the scientific spirit and attitude.
034.041 Earth System Science Lab.
The Earth is composed of four major systems--geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. The interactions of these systems govern the surface processes and internal dynamics of the Earth. This course will explore the process of crustal evolution, the environmental changes and biotic successions of the Earth since its formation as a planet. We will conduct various experiments related to the course Earth System Science, which will help increase our scientific understanding and improve our ability of interpretation.
034.042 Oceanography
Major topics dealt with in the class are physical, chemical, biological and geological characteristics of the ocean and its environments; physicochemical properties of seawater, marine ecosystem, marine biotechnology, origin and structure of seafloor and Sedimentation process in the sea. Lectures will help comprehensive and basic understanding of characteristics of the ocean.
034.043 Oceanography Lab.
Major topics dealt with in the class are physical, chemical, biological and geological characteristics of the ocean and its environments; physicochemical properties of seawater, marine ecosystem, marine biotechnology, origin and structure of seafloor and sedimentation process in the sea. Lectures will help comprehensive and basic understanding of characteristics of the ocean, and lab. experiments will increase students’ abilities of data analyses required to do marine sciences.
046.012 The Earth: Present and Past
The following phenomena are discussed in this course: 1) the earth systems including the solid earth, biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere; 2) principles required for understanding the rock records; and 3) the evolution of the continents, ocean/atmosphere, and life through time 4) the future of the earth
046.013 Volcanoes and Earthquakes
This course teaches not only basic principles of geology and geophysics for understanding movements of the Earth's interior represented by volcanoes and earthquakes, but also introduces natural hazards of global scale associated with these restless activities of the mother nature. First part teaches primarily both old and new ideas about the Earth including plate and plume tectonics, and will be followed by major portion of this course dealing with volcanoes and earthquakes. Final part introduces several case studies of natural hazards including Indonesian tsunami and volcanic eruption of Mt. Baekdu.
047.008 Man and the Earth Environments
This course covers the general meteorology. Based on the acquired knowledges of meteorology, we will talk about the urbanization, air pollution, the effects of human activities on the natural environment and vice versa. And also we will deal with the desertification.
047.009 Global Environment Change
This course teaches global environment changes and mechanisms in the past, differences between past and present changes, and expected global changes in the future. Emphasis will be placed on (1) present anthropogenic changes such as global warming and destruction of ozone layer, (2) natural changes such as early earth's climate evolution, glacial-interglacial cycles, abrupt climate change, and (3) future changes and our responsibility.
L0550.000200 Observation and Understanding of Natural Disaster
In spite of recently enhanced concern about global environmental changes and natural disasters, general understanding lacks detailed information on how the earth environments change and how such environmental changes are urgently perceived. Owing to recent advances in sciences and technology, natural disasters can be better assessed and better understood presently than in the past. This course introduces our technological efforts, challenges, and limitations to better understand and predict the natural disasters, and examples of cutting-edge technologies to overcome the limitations. Students will be able to realize that the natural disasters are not unpredictable phenomena but the ones to be managed and prevented, and eventually elucidate societal understanding on the natural disasters.
L0551.000300 Voyage to the Sea
We will study the origin, evolution, function, and management of the sea through various examples around us and our seas. The socio-ecological values and benefits of our sea and marine ecosystem will be delivered with basic scientific backgrounds. Each subject will be dealt with couple of examples around our seas to better understand the actual conditions given in the field. The link between science and policy will be highlighted through open discussions in terms of interdisciplinary research.
Select Course 300.229 Exploration of the sea
The course will focus on the historic achievements of ocean exploration such as the saltness, currents  in surface and deep oceans, seafloor topography and related subjects such as plate tectonics, hydrothermal activities. A field at sea will be included during the course to provide students real feelings of exploring seas.
300.230 Elementary Fluid Mechanics
In this course we will examine the future applications, the range of usage and the limitations of fluid mechanics and establish an understanding of the fundamental concepts of the area.  Topics include mass continuity, momentum conservation, and energy conservation.  From the conservation equations we will derive the governing equations for fluid  motion.  We will then apply these equations to the ideal fluid and the buoyancy driven fluid, and work out solutions based on the methods studied in this course. 
300.234 Environmental Oceanography
Students will learn fundamental processes necessary to understand oceanic environments, such as primary production, sinking flux, new production, biodiversity, marine food webs, and climate and marine lifes. Further topics related to environmental disturbances due to human activities in coastal environments will  be discussed. In addition, ocean environment as an important component of the Earth System will be examined. The focus will be on understanding the role of ocean in global environmental problems such as   climate changes.
300.235 Evolution of the Earth System
The Earth system is composed of the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and solid earth, which have been studied separately in different disciplines in the past. The solid earth, or traditional "geology,” is only a part of the Earth system but has played the major role in Earth system study. In this course, we closely follow the textbook "Understanding Earth" by Frank Press and Raymond Siever (2000 edition) and investigate the core elements of the terrestrial planet Earth, which has been evolving for the last 4 billion years as Earth system.
300.236A Plate Tectionics & Lab.
Plate tectonics has provided a new paradigm for investigating the planet Earth since late sixties, and is one of the key ingredients of earth system sciences for understanding the solid earth on a global scale. This course introduces not only historic background and scientific establishment of plate tectonics but also its recent development. Major topics of the course include Earth's interior, mantle geochemistry and mineral physics, principles of plate tectonics and plume tectonics, vector analyses of plate motions, etc. In addition, major issues in tectonic evolution of the KoreanPeninsula, including the Quarternary volcanoes and active faults as well as the Mesozoic continental collision, will be introduced from the tectonics viewpoint. Laboratory work deals with brief introductions to Earth materials, principles of stereo―net analyses, first motions of earthquakes, etc. When needed, one―day field trip is planned to explore one of representative areas for continental collision in Korea.
300.253 Introduction to Climatology
In this course we will study the climatology and the possible changes to it. Topics such as global energy equilibrium, radiative transfer in the atmosphere, energy budget at the ground surface, climate related with ocean circulation, heat transport by water and atmosphere, and the climatological history will be discussed.
300.254 Atmospheric Thermodynamics
In this course we will apply the basic laws of thermodynamics to understand the meteorological phenomenon.  We will go over the basic concepts of thermodynamics and discuss the equation of state, the thermodynamic equilibrium and the 1st and 2nd principles of thermodynamics. Using thermodynamic diagrams, we will study the water-air system and the thermodynamic process in the atmosphere.
300.402 Scientific Computing & Programming in Earth Sciences
Earth science like many other science inherently involves observation and experiment from which data are generated.  Our understanding is that advanced by making a model which explains the measured data.  In this course, we study how model parameters are estimated from discretely sampled data which often include noise. Basics of programming languages will be reviewed using FORTRAN and C as examples.  Important numerical schemes will be covered. We shall also look at how the data are visualized.  Students are required to do extensive hands on programming using packages such as MATLAB.
3345.301 Dynamic Meteorology 1
In this course we will study the fundamental equations of fluid dynamics, which include conservation laws of mass, momentum, and energy in both cartesian and pressure coordinates.  We will also cover vorticity dynamics.
3345.302 Dynamic Meteorology 2
Two parts of atmospheric dynamics is covered; planetary boundary layer(PBL) dynamics and wave dynamics.   In the first part the turbulence theory is systematically studied and the effect of friction is collectively reviewed.   In the second part the atmospheric phenomena are described in terms of the characteristics of atmospheric waves and the mutual adjustment between mass field and wind field is discussed using a wave theory.
3345.303 Atmospheric Physics 1
The Earth climate system consists of atmosphere, ocean, land surface, cryosphere, and biosphere.  Most interactions in the climate system are closely related to energy and hydrologic cycles.  The aim of this course is to study radiation, convection, and processes of land surface to better understand the atmospheric cycles.  Also examined are the interactions among these physical processes.
3345.304 Atmospheric Physics 2
This course will examine the physical processes that occur in the atmosphere related with water. The course will also study the rain, cloud, electric discharge in the atmosphere and the electromagnetic field of the earth.
3345.306 Atmospheric Analysis and Lab.
The aim of this course is to develop the ability to analyze the three-dimensional structure of the atmosphere based on real time station observations of the globe.  Students will practice forecasting the weather based on the multi-level weather charts that they make.  They will also practice using computers for weather analysis.  Fortran and grads will be used for displaying weather charts.
3345.307 Minerals and Rocks & Lab.
The course is a study of the principal representatives of the major chemical groups of minerals. The emphasis is on rock-forming and useful minerals, their crystal structure, chemistry, physical properties, association, and occurrence. It includes the study of major rock types - igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks as interpreted by means of petrography, chemical analysis, and phase diagrams. The course includes the study of theory as well as the use of optics in the identification and classification of rock-forming minerals in fragments and thin sections.
3345.308 Fossils and Lab.
This course will focus on the origin and evolution of life.  We will examine the morphological features and geologic distribution of selected taxonomic groups, and discuss the principal paleontological methodologies and their applications to solve geological problems. 
3345.309 Structural Geology and Lab.
The Earth has undergone several orogeny and deformations through the geological times since it was formed. Therefore, various types and styles of geological structure in the rocks are produced during orogeny and deformations. This class includes lectures and laboratory work in which students learn how these structures are formed and how to interpret them. Geological structures are variable depending on the stress fields. They includes planar and linear structures, joints, folds, faults, thrust faults and shear zones. Primary structures in sedimentary and volcanic rocks are also important when trying to recognize whether the beds are laying right way up or overturned. During the term, students will have a 3-day field trip in the Yoncheon/Yeongwol or other area where various rocks and geological structures are exposed.
3345.310 Geophysics
This course deals with the basic theories of geophysics. Topics include: seismic wave propagations in the Earth, the figure of the Earth, Earth's gravity field, Earth's magnetic field, dynamo theory, and electromagnetic (EM) properties and EM induction of the Earth. The ensuing discussions will be on how these basic principles can be applied to the study of the Earth's interior and the processes of the Earth system.  The course will also examine earthquakes and plate tectonic aspects of the Earth system. 
3345.311 Geo-Environment
The Earth systems and its processes are interconnected to the environment. This class studies individual Earth systems such as soils, surface water, groundwater, energy and exercises to predict environmental changes.
3345.312 Geochemistry and Lab.
This course deals with how the migration and distribution phenomena of rock- and solid-forming elements occur through all kinds of geological processes (e.g., igneous activity, metamorphism, metasomatism, hydrothermal alteration, chemical weathering, groundwater circulation, etc…). We investigate the geochemical laws that govern these phenomena, study the basic theories of environmental geochemistry. Through this course, you will study the chemical interactions between physico-chemically changed rocks, minerals and groundwater, estimation of the processing direction of the chemical interactions according to the variation of thermodynamic functions, and their equilibria.
3345.313 Physical Oceanography and Lab.
Physical Oceanography is the study of the physical properties of sea water and its dynamical characteristics such as the ocean current, waves, tides and storm surges. This course will focus on the physical characteristics of sea water and their distributions, generation and basic dynamics of ocean currents, and global distribution of surface and deep currents. Through laboratory experiments, students will practice the analysis and mapping of physical oceanographic data, and investigate the effects of Earth's rotation on ocean currents.
3345.314 Tides and Wavesv
 The goal of this course is to understand basic principles of waves and tides in the ocean. We will examine the concepts of fundamental hydrodynamics, linear shallow-water equation, wave spectra, tide-producing forces, dynamic theory of tides, tidal constituents, and internal waves/tides. This course will also cover basic techniques for analyzing waves and tides observed in the real ocean.
3345.315 Biological Oceanography and Lab.
A fundamental understanding of biological oceanography in terms of ecosystem structure and function in marine environment, topics include marine environment and organism, ecosystem interaction, benthic-pelagic ecosystem, and marine resources and pollution. Field activities followed by laboratory exercise focusing on classification of various marine organisms will be highlighted.
3345.316 Introductory Chemical Oceanography and Lab.
The aim of this course is to understand the ocean in terms of chemistry.  This course will examine the form of distribution of elements dissolved in the sea water and clarify the biological and chemical processes in the ocean.  We will also cover the principles of applying these chemical components to circulation process in the ocean and the principles of tracing the water mass.  Finally, we will do experiments to practice the basic methods of analyzing the various nutrients, dissolved oxygen, PH, and alkalinity in sea water. 
3345.317 Sedimentology and Lab.
Sedimentology deals with the principles of sediment transport and deposition that occur in  continental and marine environments. The sedimentary products are analyzed in terms of sedimentary facies and sequence stratigraphy. The study of sedimentary processes is crucial not only for understanding surface processes and evolution of the Earth but also for the exploration of hydrocarbon and ground water.  The aim of this course is to arrive at a comprehensive understanding of the sediment phenomenon.
3345.324 Atmospheric Sensing and Experiment
In the weather and climate studies, observation is prerequisite for the analysis as well as for the prediction. Conventionally observations have relied on upper aerosonde observations and surface measurements which provide basic parameters needed for weather prediction. Recent advent of technology to observe weather and climate includes satellite measurements, radar, and lidar observations and the need of use of those new technologies is now much growing. In this class, we will teach principles of measurements, and their applications in conjunction with observations and data analysis.
3345.401 Atmospheric Prediction and Lab.
This course covers global weather phenomena, focusing on monsoon, mid-latitude high and low systems, typhoon and heavy rainfalls, which regulate the major East Asian weather systems. Students will plot and do analysis of basic and supplementary weather charts. Also, students have opportunity in learning forecast knowledge for the weather systems dealt with in lectures, and carry out weather briefing.
3345.403 Climate Dynamics
Climate changes are determined by solar energy and physical processes of the globe.  This course will cover various dynamical and physical processes that determine the climate system.  Topics to be discussed include: the energy equilibrium of global climate system; surface energy balance; climate phenomena associated with ocean circulation; global climate variability such as the El Nino and global warming.
3345.405 Middle Atmosphere
The objective of this subject is to understand the dynamic, radiative, and chemical aspects of the atmospheric phenomena appeared in the stratosphere and mesosphere. Main topics are warming in the stratosphere, formation of the ozone layer and its effect on radiative transfer, photochemical reactions, global circulation, various atmospheric waves and dynamic phenomenon.
3345.406 Petrology and Lab.
This course deals with the phsico-chemical principles essential for understanding igneous and metamorphic rocks, and introduces various techniques for unraveling petrogenetic processes. Major themes of lectures include phase equilibria, basic thermodynamics, multi―component system analyses, Schreinemakers' principle, metamorphic reactions, geothermo―barometry, metamorphic evolutionary path, and tectono-metamorphism. Laboratory work emphasizes the identification of rock―forming minerals, mineral assemblages and textures of igneous and metamorphic rocks, and petrogenetic interpretations. In the laboratory, it is required to use petrographic microscope, and when needed, a few laboratory seesions could be devoted for reviewing optical crystallography. Two―day field trip is planned to examine characteristic metamorphic rocks in Korea.
3345.407 Sedimentary Systems and Lab.
Sediments and sedimentary rocks comprise about 75% of the  surface of the Earth. These contain important historical records of the surface processes. Accordingly, this course intends to introduce general sedimentary processes and sediment characteristics in the recent sedimentary environments with emphasis on their controlling factors such as climate, geomorphology and tectonic setting. Lectures on sedimentary textures, structures, petology, and geochemical and geochronological methods will guide students to understand the sedimentary basins, stratigraphy, tectonic environments, paleoclimate, paleoweathering, sedimentation and diagenesis.
3345.408 Seismology and Geodynamics
Propagation properties of the acoustic and elastic waves in the mediua of solid and liquid state in the earth are studied. The occurrence of earthquakes, the source and propagation of the seismic wave are analysed based on the properties of the acoustic and elastic waves. Geodynamical phenomena are studied through the interpretation of recored seismograms.
3345.409A Resource Geology and Lab.
This is a course on geologic occurrence and genesis of economic mineral deposits, including metallic and nonmetallic resources. Students are offered an introduction to mining, processing, and exploration methods. Through this course, students will learn the significance of regional and local geologic features and processes related to the exploration and production of the resources. History, economic and environmental consideration, national mineral policy, and international aspect of metallic and nonmetallic resources are discussed through the term.
3345.410 Geohydrological Environment and Lab.
Geological processes and their relation to water are to be studied. Physical, chemical and biological processes in surface and groundwater system are the main topics of this class. The transport of contaminants in the water system are to be studied.
3345.413A Coastal Dynamics
In this course we will work out basic dynamical  equations which govern the water movement in the coast. Applying these equations, we will understand the coastal process. Topics to be covered are: Dynamics in the bay and the estuary, wind and density driven currents, water exchange and residence time, coastal phenomena around the Korean Peninsula.
3345.414A Microbial Oceanography and Lab.
Students will learn the diversity and distribution of important marine microbes (viruses, bacteria, heterotrophic nanoflagellates, and ciliates) in diverse marine environments (open ocean, deep sea, hydrothermal vents, hypersaline environments, and polar seas). They also learn how marine microbes adapt and grow in their habitats andthe basic techniques in the laboratory Further, students will understand the significant contribution of marine microbes in material cycling and energy flow in the sea. Finally, they will learn how marine microbes are used in environmental monitoring and biotechnology.
3345.416A Marine Organic Chemistry and Lab.
Marine organic chemistry and lab course will offer a basic understanding of basic organic chemistry, marine organic compounds and their physiological and ecological roles. The following topics will be covered in the laboratory experiments: extraction techniques of marine organic compounds, various chromatography methods for isolation of marine compounds, a variety of methods for simple identification.
3345.417A Geological oceanography
This course will cover diverse aspects of geological oceanography and marine geology including coastal processes, formation of sedimentary basins, geological processes at continental shelf and at deep oceans.  It will focus on the geological and geophysical processes at plate boundaries and the structure of crust and upper mantle.
3345.423 Shipboard Training Course in Oceanography
This course intends to provide students with oceanographic experiences of planning an oceanographic survey, shipboard training, and data analysis. Students will join a class discussion for the planning and preparation of oceanographic survey and observations. They will join an actual oceanographic survey to learn how to operate various oceanographic instruments, and to actively participate in data collection in physical, chemical, biological and geological oceanography. Data obtained during the survey will be processed and analyzed using data analysis techniques taught in the class. The data will then be used to understand oceanographic characteristics of survey areas.
3345.424 Field Techniques and Exercises
This is a practical class that offers a broad and general introduction to techniques used  in  every-day geology life.  This class includes a general introduction into the main features of most rocks,  like primary structures (bedding etc.), joints, fractures and veins, as well as, folds, foliations, lineations, and shear zones.  We will focus on how to recognize, observe, measure (with a structural compass), plot geological features in stereographic projection and on cross sections, and finally interpret their meaning. The class mainly comprises indoor exercises,  but also includes outdoor activities, on the Campus of SNU, and during some Saturdays in the mountains around Seoul.
3345.426A Satellite Meteorology and Climatology
Recent advent of satellite technology has led into unprecedent use of satellite data for improving weather forecasting via data assimilation. Furthermore, atmospheric physical processes, climate and environmental change monitoring, validation of climate model are a few of many application in climate sciences. Lecture will be given about how satellite measurements are performed, and about how those data are used for improving our weather forecasting capability and understanding climate-related phenomena.
3345.427 Satellite Geophysics and Lab.
This course discusses the basic principles of remote sensing techniques for studying the geophysical and chemical processes associated with the Earth System, utilizing various man-made satellites. Acquisition and processing of optical, thermal infrared, and microwave (SAR) sensor data, as well as basic principles of the global positioning system (GPS) will also be discussed and learned in this course. This course will be accompanied by a laboratory sessions, where students can become familiar with Landsat, Ikonos, RadarSAT, and TerraSAR-X data.
3345.428 Geological Map Exercises
This practical class offers an introduction in simple geological analysis using maps. We will learn how to construct simple geological maps and cross sections, and how to determine the nature of faults and measure the displacement along them. Geological maps are two-dimensional representations of the four-dimensional geological evolution of rocks and regions. We will use maps to reconstruct the geological history of regions.
M1411.000100 The Ecology of Pelagic Environment
The objectives of this course are to understand the abiotic environmental components of pelagic systems in the aquatic environment and to examine the biological processes that interact with these environmental components. Because the biological processes of the aquatic environments depend on the upward transfer of organic material and energy of the primary producers, studying the classification and distribution of the plankton community, the nutrient dynamics, the interaction between plankton and microzooplankton is the basis of understanding the overall ecology of the pelagic environments.
M1411.000400 Marine Pollution and Lab.
Discusses a wide range of issues connected with marine pollution and studies their characteristics and their influences on human society. The broad issues of different types of organic and inorganic matters  causing marine pollution, their various sources and routes and thier cycles and biogeochemical changes within the marine environment, their effects on various marine organisms, measures for preventing marine pollution will be dealt with through lectures and discussion.
M1411.000600 Seafloor geochemistry and Lab.
This course will deal with sedimentary, igneous and ore-forming processes on the seafloor with special focus on their geochemistry. First, students will learn the components and chemical compositions of marine sediments and their implications for paleo oceanography and paleoclimate. Second, they will learn the geochemical features and petrogenesis of marine igneous rocks from mid ocean ridge, island arc, back arc basin and oceanic intraplate settings. This will allow the students to understand the formation and evolution history of oceanic crust and Earth's mantle. Third, students will also learn the ore-forming processes of VMS-SEDEX deposits and polymetallic oxide deposits.
M1411.000700 Experimental Study of Earth and Environmental Sciences
This subject aims to increase the understanding in overall earth and environmental sciences and to cultivate student's ability to conduct scientific research by having students select a topic in earth and environmental sciences. Through this course students are expected to experience the real research of each laboratory before selecting their own research field. Students will receive guidance systematically by joining a particular laboratory of their choice.
M1411.001000 Introduction to Atmospheric Chemistry and Practice
In this course we will study the basic chemical concepts that are applicable to atmospheric science and examine the way they are applied in the atmosphere.  Main topics of this course include: gases and aerosol that cause air pollution; air pollution in the troposphere; chemical reactions that form the stratospheric ozone layer; remote observations of minor gases by satellite instruments; the changes in the chemical environment associated with recent climate changes.
M1411.001200 Geobiology and Lab.
This lecture provides an overview of the interaction between life and Earth over a range of temporal and spatial scales. In particular, microbes have helped shape Earth over the past four billion years habitable for higher forms of life. Focusing on the role of microbes as a geological agent, we will cover diversity of life and metabolism, co-evolution of major biogeochemical cycles, mass extinctions, and microbial signatures in the rock record. This course will be complemented with laboratory exercises and discussion sections.
M1411.001400 Introduction to the Numerical Modeling of the Atmosphere and the Practice
This course provides introductory methods to obtain numerical sulutions for various atmospheric phenomena observed in nature. During the practice, the students will have a chance to learn and practice the basic programming language for the atmospheric sciences, Fortran and other visualization tools, such as Matlab or Grads.
M1411.002100 Introduction to Micrometeorology and Practice
Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) is a layer between the earth surface (i.e., ocean and land) and free atmosphere where synoptic-scale weather system is dominant. The goal of this class is to understand the dynamics of air motion and turbulence, happened in the PBL due to the frictions and diurnal variations in the earth surface. This will finally provide you an idea of how PBL can interact with various environments (urban, mountain, ocean, etc) and atmospheric systems (synoptic high/low, mesoscale convections, etc). Therefore, we will learn how PBL can transport momentum, heat, moisture, and pollutants in atmosphere by using numerical simulations and observation data.
M2173.002300 Introduction to Marine Drugs and Lab.
The course deals with a topic of growing importance in marine biotechnology, especially innovative marine drugs. This course will focus on the entire process of drug discovery and development which necessitates expertises of many disciplines such as marine natural product chemistry, biology, organic and medicinal chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, toxicology, and basic and clinical medicine. In addition basic skills in the discovery of marine drag hits will be practiced in the Lab. The course is designed to provide a summary overview of the field of marine drug discovery and development. The course will be designed to meet the needs of oceanographers, biologists and chemists interested in this topic.